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Topics of Research

Our topics of reseach are to divided into five sections:

Energy Markets
International energy markets are analysed with respect to their organisation, legal frameworks, market structures and market rules. In this context, several of the three major unbundled segments of the supply chain are addressed: (i) competition in the generation business (wholesale markets, power trading, balancing markets, market concentration, RES-E generation), (ii) regulation of transmission and distribution grids (grid access, incentive regulation, grid tariff design), (iii) retail markets and customer supply (customer tariffs, load analyses). The major objective is to conduct critical and in-depth analyses and to provide recommendations for key stakeholders and decision makers.
Climate change
Climate change caused by CO2-emissions are discussed a lot in the present energy strategies. To reduce emissions sustainable energy systems with no ore less emissions have to be realized soon. One great alternative in this context ist hydrogen energy in combination with renewables. In fact more or less emission free hydrogen has a future oriented potencial in energy systems. But it remains little time for the conversion of the strategies.
Renewable Energy
In international co-operations dissemination strategies for renewable energy systems are analysed and economic evaluations are conducted considering external costs of various renewable energy carriers. The EEG co-operates within the IEA programmes on "Photovoltaic Power Systems" and "Solar Heating and Cooling". The major technologies investigated are: Wind, PV, Solar-thermal systems and biomass applications. Furthermore, emphasis is put on the derivation of efficient promotion strategies and an evaluation of financial incentives as a dissemination tool. Another objective is to investigate optimal portfolios considering various types of renewables to meet renewable portfolio standards. Currently, this is a very important issue because of both, a new Austrian electricity market organisation law (requiring 4% new renewables by 2007) and the Austrian commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 13% within the EU-Bubble. Finally, another important focus is to analyse the value of various types of renewables from social point-of-view.
Energy modelling
Energy demand analyses are conducted by the EEG in the following sectors: industry, transport, households and services. For these investigations a detailed database is used, containing very disaggregated energy consumption data of almost all OECD-countries. These analyses cover econometric- as well as "Bottom-Up" indicator-approaches. In addition, the EEG sets up energy demand and CO2-emission forecasts and investigates the impact of energy-policy instruments (like taxes, standards, etc.). In this field the EEG co-operates with several European (e.g. Shared Analysis for EU, Energy Efficiency Project for IEA in Paris) as well as US partners (e.g. Energy Analysis Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab in California).Research priorities are set up to develop cost-efficient measures stabilising climate change. In this connection social, ecological as well as economic effects of national measures (e.g. introduction of energy taxes, standards, promotion programmes, etc.) and important international instruments (like Emission Trading, Joint Implementation or the Clean Development Mechanism) are analysed. Furthermore, the EEG investigates the implementation under real-political conditions, especially under consideration of strategic behaviour. Another objective is the evaluation of reduction costs, national as well as international, by means of dynamic models.
Sustainable systems
The EEG is working on regional and municipal energy development plans based on energy efficiency improvements, renewable energy systems, information and education to ensure more rational use of energy. These plans are developed for residential buildings, for industrial applications and for the service sector. Of special interest is the economic and ecological optimisation of space heating fuels in residential homes. Moreover, emphasis is put on setting up detailed and comprehensive databases by fuel and end uses. This work is conducted in international co-operations, e.g. with the European Statistical Office EUROSTAT. Moreover, various software packages for energy consulting have been developed in this area of research.